Abstract Preliminary phytochemical screening on the aqueous extract of leave, stem and root of Acalypha indica L. was carried out. This plant belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae. It is a popular plant in traditional medicine used for treating various ailments. This analysis was carried out using standard procedures. The result revealed the presence of saponins, flavonoids, steroids, phenols, alkaloids, tannins and cardiac glycosides. The medical significance of various phytochemical constituents identified in this plant supports the notion that medicinal plants have been used for centuries as remedies for human diseases.