Abstract Oral route is the most preferred route for administration of various drugs because it is regarded as safest, most convenient and economical route. Recently researcher developed the fast disintegrating tablets with improved patient compliance and convenience. Fast disintegrating tablets are solid dosage forms which dissolve rapidly in saliva without chewing and additional water. Fast disintegrating tablets overcome the disadvantages of conventional dosage form especially dysphagia (difficulty in swallowing) in pediatric and geriatric patients. Fast disintegrating tablets have received ever-increasing demand during the last decade, and the field has become a rapidly growing area in the pharmaceutical industry. Upon introduction into the mouth, these tablets dissolve or disintegrate in the mouth in the absence of additional water for easy administration of active pharmaceutical ingredients. The popularity and usefulness of the formulation resulted in development of several fast disintegrating tablets technologies. This review includes requirements for fast disintegrating tablets, salient features, advantages, limitations, challenges in formulation, various technologies developed for fast disintegrating tablets, patented technologies, evaluation methods and various marketed products.